World Casino History: the origin of gambling
World Casino History
Despite the fact that many of us associate the appearance of the casino with the business of the American mafia of the 20th century, the history of games goes far into the past.
History of casino games, dice, and cards was found among many peoples and cultures many hundreds of years ago. Some historians believe that gambling originated in 2300 BC in China.
Others claim that dice similar to modern ones were found in the tombs of the ancient Egyptians. Still, others cite the example of the Roman Empire, where gladiator fights and chariot races contributed to the emergence of sweepstakes.
Gambling in Europe
One of the first casinos was Ridotto, which opened in 1638 in Italy. It was located on the left side of the Venetian Church of St. Moses and was designed to keep gambling under control at the time of the annual spring festivities. The casino was distinguished by high prices and a strict selection of visitors, only a noble audience was allowed inside – the aristocracy.
History of the casino Later, in France, by decree of Cardinal Mazarin, a gambling house was opened, which served to fill the treasury of kings. The best time to gamble at casinos was in the 18th century. At the same time, the game of roulette appeared for the first time. When playing roulette at a casino a gambler could have fun.
At the beginning of the 18th century, gambling establishments opened throughout Europe. The nobles were not shy about sinking huge fortunes into them. Many families were ruined because of their addiction to card games. For this reason, at the end of the 19th century, European governments began to ban casinos and close establishments. The only place where it was allowed to play was Monaco with its famous Monte Carlo casino.
Casino History in America
At the beginning of the 19th century, the first casino in America opens. Later, saloons were opened in many US cities, where visitors were offered to play. The greatest love of the people is the game “Blackjack”, known to us as “Twenty-one” or “Point”, and poker. The casino prospers until the moment when the reins of government of the country do not pass to Andrew Jackson, who prohibits gambling in the country.
History of the casino After the ban, casinos exist outside the law for several decades. The ban paralyzes casinos everywhere except in Nevada and New Jersey. One way or another, business continues to exist on Indian reservations and on ships cruising the waters of the Mississippi, and certain types of games are eventually legalized in almost every state. Later, the largest casinos will be built in Vegas and Atlantic City. Currently, only Utah and Hawaii remain under a complete ban.
The first and best playing cards appeared in Russia in the 17th century but were immediately banned. At that time, people were beaten with a whip for the game, their fingers were broken, and fines were issued. Later card games were divided into permitted and not permitted. The permitted ones included bridge and preference, where the winnings largely depended on the skill of the player.
The forbidden ones are lotteries, Russian roulette gambling, and a point. History of casinos The heyday of excitement falls in the early 2000s when a huge number of casinos begin to operate throughout the country. But just a few years later, in 2009, a law regulating the business of gambling comes out, and casinos are closed or moved to legal gambling zones.
At the same time, Kazakhstan and Ukraine are coming out with their own bills on the ban. But if in Ukraine a complete ban on casinos, according to the results of a sociological survey, was considered unsuccessful, then in Kazakhstan, as in Russia, it implies the creation of permitted gambling zones, which, in turn, have already begun to function successfully.
Online casino development
Nowadays, online casinos are becoming more and more popular. This is facilitated by the development of computer technology. But among other things, this type of gambling has undeniable advantages:
- no one needs to go anywhere to play;
- a large number of people can participate at the same time;
- of course, the contribution and costs of opening such a business are incomparably small compared to investments in an offline casino.
But there are also disadvantages that cannot be ignored, they are related to the problem of personal data security, the decency of the organizers, the withdrawal period, and insufficient support at the legislative level.